Gabriele d’Annunzio pioneered the politics of this spectacle.
The poet that is young d’Annunzio. Credit Credit Henri Le Lieure/Alinari, via Getty Images
By Tara Isabella Burton
Dr. Burton is a contributing editor at The United states Interest and a columnist at Religion Information provider.
A hundred years ago this autumn, a high profile showman became a strongman. The womanizing, profligate poet that is italian d’Annunzio, that has develop into a hero of World War I by airdropping his or her own propagandistic poetry over Vienna, marched in to the Hapsburg town of Fiume (now Rijeka in Croatia) and declared himself its frontrunner.
Fiume’s status that is postwar held it’s place in dispute for months. Both the Kingdom of Italy while the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia) reported the town, that was bulk Italian but had a considerable population that is croatian. For Italian nationalists, Fiume had been an element of the “irredenti,” or unredeemed, regions: Italian lands waiting become reported by Italians.
Enter d’Annunzio. The 56-year-old novelist and poet had already produced title for himself not merely as you of Italy’s best article article article writers, but in addition certainly one of its many flamboyant. As being a young guy he’d received spare cash writing celebrity gossip columns; in the prime, he utilized them to develop fables about his own history. (as an example, in 1911, once the Mona Lisa ended up being fleetingly taken through the Louvre, he greatly implied it had been at their household.) He invested beyond their means, making their spouse and kids destitute while he accumulated horses and objets d’art (and cocaine) . He’d a huge selection of love affairs — and would tip down reporters as he ended up being going to break certainly one of them down, within the hope that the scene that is subsequent result in the tabloids….